Luminous flux, or luminous power, is the measure of the perceived power of light. It differs from the measure of the total power of light emitted, termed ‘radiant flux’, in that the former takes into account the varying sensitivity of the human eye to different wavelengths of light. In other words, it is photometrically weighted radiant flux (power). The SI unit of luminous flux is the lumen (lm). One lumen is defined as the luminous flux of light produced by a light source that emits 1 cd of luminous intensity over a solid angle of 1 sr. In other systems of units, luminous flux may have units of power. ‘Lumen’ is the unit of luminous flux, defined as flux emitted through unit solid angle (one steradian) from a directional unit point source of 1 cd. To avoid reference to candela, and to use as photometric base unit, the lumen may be defined as the luminous flux of monochromatic radiant energy whose radiant flux is 1/683 W and whose frequency is 540 × 1012 Hz (closely equal to a wavelength of 555 nm). As with luminous intensity, the luminous flux of light with other wavelengths can be calculated using the CIE photometric curve.

From: Asim Kumar Roy Choudhury, in Principles of Colour and Appearance Measurement, 2014


The color temperature of a light source is the temperature of an ideal black-body radiator that radiates light of a color comparable to that of the light source. In practice, color temperature is meaningful only for light sources that do in fact correspond somewhat closely to the radiation of some black body, i.e., light in a range going from red to orange to yellow to white to blueish white. Color temperature is conventionally expressed in kelvins, using the symbol K, a unit of measure for absolute temperature.

From:See the comments section of this article Archived 2017-03-07 at the Wayback Machine on the recommendations of the American Medical Association to prefer LED-lighting with cooler color temperatures (i.e. warmer color).


To put it in a simple way, strobe mode is an irritating glare effect, a consequence of flashes of light issued at very short intervals. It is primarily can be an effective function against threats and secondarily as a light signal. While being hit with the strobe light in a few seconds, thought the effects are physically minor, residual nausea and disorientation may be felt for minutes. Temporary dazzled vision and hindered movement on foes offer extra time to move to a position of advantage and safety, strobe function therefore can provide more self-defense opportunities to some extent.

The cookie settings on this website are set to 'allow all cookies' to give you the very best experience. Please click Accept Cookies to continue to use the site.
You have successfully subscribed!
This email has been registered